White House and Democratic negotiators are now in their second week of discussion on the, are all but guaranteed to include , but movement is slow. Once the two sides reach an agreement, one thing could happen quickly: getting the IRS to send the first .
“I could have them out immediately,” Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said on Sunday. “If I could get [the next stimulus bill] passed tomorrow, I could start printing them the following week.” The were sent 19 days after the became law.
The biggest holdup now is the chasm between Senate Republicans and the White House on one side and House of Representatives Democrats on the other. If the two sides don’t reach a decision by Aug. 7 — the Senate’s last day before a scheduled month-long recess — Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi could delay their respective August recesses until they pass a bill.
“We are making some progress on certain issues, moving closer together,” Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer said on Monday. “There are a lot of issues that are still outstanding.”
Assuming the bill passes this Friday, when could the checks arrive and who could get them first? Read on for all we know right now, based on the current negotiations. This story is updated constantly.
When the IRS could send the next stimulus checks
The Senate’s last day in session before its August recess is Aug. 7, which means Congress has to agree on a before then if it keeps to its planned schedule (which could change). After that, senators are scheduled to return to their home states until the next session picks up again Sept. 8. However, we do know that McConnell and Pelosi have the power to push back the recess and keep senators in Washington longer if needed.
With Mnuchin’s promise of sending the first checks within a week after the bill passes, we have an idea how long it’ll take from the time the bill is signed into law to the time the IRS sends checks. For reference we have the timeline set by theto send checks. Keep reading for how checks could arrive sooner.
When could the second stimulus checks go out?
|Date passed by Senate||Date passed by House||Date signed||First checks sent|
|Original CARES Act||March 25||March 26||March 27||April 15|
|Proposal date||Negotiations begin||Negotiation time before deadline||Proposed deadline to pass a bill|
|HEALS Act||July 27||July 27||7 to 9 days||Aug. 7|
|If Senate passes||If House passes||If President signs||First checks could be sent|
|Final negotiated bill||Aug. 6||Aug. 7||Aug. 10||Week of Aug. 17|
|Sept. 8||Sept. 9||Sept. 10 or Sept. 11||Week of Sept. 21|
Who could get their stimulus check first?
It’s likely the IRS would use about the same calculations and tools for sending out the second stimulus check as it did for the first one, including the IRS Get My Payment tool forpayment and signing up for .
The IRS sent the first batch of stimulus checks to people who had filed 2018 or 2019 tax returns and had already provided the IRS with their direct deposit information, according to the House Committee on Ways & Means. Following that model, the next stimulus payment could first reach people who have already registered for direct deposit, either as part of their 2019 tax filing or before.
The next group were social security beneficiaries who had direct deposit information on file with federal agencies. (About 80 million people got their checks through direct deposit in the first week they were disbursed, according to the IRS.)
Paper checks didn’t start getting mailed out until about a week later, to people who had not signed up for direct deposit, but you could still register for the electronic bank transfer as late as May 13. The first Economic Impact Payment debit cards, which are prepaid, were sent in mid-May to about 4 million people.
What would cause you to get your stimulus check later than others
We won’t know for sure until a new bill is passed and the IRS forms a plan to send out checks, but here are points to consider.
Changes to aid for dependents: This depends on which version of the bill passes. The CARES Act allotted $500 for dependents age 16 and under. The Republican-backed HEALS Act also allocates $500 for dependents, of any age. But the Democrat-backed HEROES Act suggests $1,200 for a maximum of three dependents. If a change is made, even if it ultimately leads to more money being sent, it could require the IRS to adjust its accounting system, which could potentially slow things down for you.
Banking status: With the first checks, people who didn’t submit direct deposit information to the IRS had to wait longer to receive the stimulus money through the mail. As of June, 120 million people received the stimulus money through direct deposit, 35 million through a check in the mail, and 4 million through a prepaid debit card. The IRS has not provided an update on how many people received a stimulus check by August 1.
Banking status has affected payment speed since the CARES Act passed, disproportionately impacting Black people and people of color, according to an analysis (PDF) by think tank Urban Institute. People who are white and whose incomes were above the poverty line were more likely to have received their first stimulus check by the end of May than people who are Black, Hispanic or below the poverty line, the analysis found.
People who did not make enough money to be required to file federal income tax returns in 2018 or 2019 also would not get a stimulus check unless they submitted a form to the IRS, according to a report from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. This group includes low-income families with children and a far greater number of Black people and people of color.
When’s the last date I would get the new stimulus check?
Once again, the schedule for the first stimulus checks can provide a potential roadmap, though there’s no official news until another rescue package is finalized.
The IRS will have sent about 200 million checks by the time it’s done distributing the first raft of payments. (The total US population is nearly 330 million people, according to the Census Bureau.)
The majority of those were sent by the beginning of June, though the IRS said it will continue to send payments through the end of the year.
Would this be the final stimulus check?
In May, McConnell said that this next coronavirus relief bill will also be the last. The course of COVID-19 infections will certainly play a role in future debates over the best way to bolster the economy. Coronavirus infections , with record numbers of infections rising in July.
The White House, however, might try to squeeze in one more stimulus check before November. “There is likely going to be another round of stimulus come the fall,” said Kevin Cirilli, Bloomberg News’ lead Washington correspondent, said on July 27. “The president sees this [current HEALS Act stimulus package] as not his last economic pitch ahead of the election.”
How can you get more help?
If you’re still waiting on the first round of coronavirus payments, you can, learn and find possible .
Here are even more resources aboutand , , and , and how to .
Julie Snyder contributed to this report.